Neural Exam Movies

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Introduction

From Embryology (19 Apr 2014)


WHO motor development milestones

Neurological development continues postnatally with both growth and reorganization of the central nervous system. The amount of simple physical growth is shown by the skeletal flexibility designed around the brain and spinal cord, which allows continued postnatal growth of these structures. The World Health Organization (WHO) recently identified early postnatal motor skill development in terms of "motor milestones"[1], this was released along with new international growth charts.

The following movies demonstrate normal and abnormal postnatal neurological development assessment procedures. The newborn neuromuscular system can be initially assessed by 6 quick tests (posture, square window, arm recoil, popliteal angle, scarf sign and heel to ear). Later developmental assessment includes behaviour, reflexes (primitive and postural), muscular tone, and motor (gross, fine, co-ordination). This is examined in the newborn, 3 months, 6 months, 12 months and at 30 months of age. There are several primitive reflexes (rooting, sucking reflexes, Moro, grasp) that change (are repressed) with development of the central nervous system. These movies were designed by PD Larsen and SS Stensaas, Utah School of Medicine.

Neural Links: Introduction | Ventricular System | Stage 22 | Gliogenesis | Fetal | Lecture - Early Neural | Lecture - Neural Crest | Lab - Early Neural | Neural Crest | Sensory | Abnormalities | Folic Acid | Iodine Deficiency | Postnatal | Postnatal - Neural Examination | Historic Neural | Category:Neural

Newborn

Neural Exam Movies: normal behaviour | cranial nerves | Newborn Tone - resting posture | upper extremity‎ | arm traction | arm recoil | scarf sign | hand position | lower extremity | leg traction‎ | leg recoil‎‎ | popliteal angle‎ | heel to ear | neck tone | head lag‎ | head control | Newborn Positions - prone | ventral suspension | vertical suspension | Newborn Reflexes - deep tendon reflexes | plantar reflex‎ | suck, root | Moro | Galant | stepping‎ | grasp | Newborn Head - head shape and sutures‎ | head circumference‎ | Neonatal Diagnosis

Newborn Behaviour

Newborn-normal-behaviour.jpg
 ‎‎Behaviour
Page | Play
Newborn n 02.jpg
 ‎‎Cranial Nerves
Page | Play

Newborn Tone

Newborn n 03.jpg
 ‎‎Resting Posture
Page | Play
Newborn n 04.jpg
‎‎ Tone Upper Limb
Page | Play
Newborn n 05.jpg
‎‎ Arm Traction
Page | Play
Newborn n 06.jpg
 ‎‎Arm Recoil
Page | Play
Newborn n 07.jpg
 ‎‎Scarf Sign
Page | Play
Newborn n 08.jpg
 ‎‎Hand Position
Page | Play
Newborn n 09.jpg
 ‎‎Lower Limb
Page | Play
Newborn n 10.jpg
 ‎‎Leg Traction
Page | Play
Newborn n 11.jpg
 ‎‎Leg Recoil
Page | Play
Newborn n 12.jpg
 ‎‎Popliteal Angle
Page | Play
Newborn n 13.jpg
 ‎‎Heel to Ear
Page | Play
Newborn n 14.jpg
 ‎‎Neck Tone
Page | Play
Newborn n 15.jpg
 ‎‎Head Lag
Page | Play
Newborn n 16.jpg
 ‎‎Head Control
Page | Play

Newborn Positions

Newborn n 17.jpg
 ‎‎Prone Position
Page | Play
Newborn n 18.jpg
 ‎‎Ventral Suspend
Page | Play
Newborn n 19.jpg
 ‎‎Vertical Suspend
Page | Play

Newborn Reflexes

Newborn n 20.jpg
 ‎‎Tendon Reflexes
Page | Play
Newborn n 21.jpg
 ‎‎Plantar Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn n 22.jpg
 ‎‎Reflex Suck,Root
Page | Play
Newborn n 23.jpg
 ‎‎Moro Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn n 24.jpg
 ‎‎Galant Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn n 25.jpg
 ‎‎Stepping Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn n 26.jpg
 ‎‎Grasp Reflex
Page | Play

Newborn Head

Newborn n 27.jpg
‎‎ Head Shape
Page | Play
Newborn n 28.jpg
‎‎Head Circumference
Page | Play

Newborn Abnormal

Newborn Abnormal Links: behaviour | cranial nerves | Newborn Tone - resting posture | upper extremity‎ | arm traction | arm recoil | scarf sign | hand position | lower extremity | leg traction‎ | leg recoil‎‎ | popliteal angle‎ | heel to ear | neck tone | head lag‎ | head control | Newborn Positions - prone | ventral suspension | vertical suspension | Newborn Reflexes - deep tendon reflexes | plantar reflex‎ | suck, root | Moro | Galant | stepping‎ | grasp | Newborn Head - head shape and sutures‎ | head circumference‎

Newborn Behaviour

Newborn ab 01.jpg
 ‎‎Behaviour
Page | Play
Newborn ab 02.jpg
 ‎‎Cranial Nerves
Page | Play

Newborn Tone

Newborn ab 03.jpg
 ‎‎Resting Posture
Page | Play
Newborn ab 04.jpg
 ‎‎Upper Limb
Page | Play
Newborn ab 05.jpg
 ‎‎Arm Traction
Page | Play
Newborn ab 06.jpg
 ‎‎Arm Recoil
Page | Play
Newborn ab 07.jpg
 ‎‎Scarf Sign
Page | Play
Newborn ab 08.jpg
 ‎‎Hand Position
Page | Play
Newborn ab 09.jpg
 ‎‎Lower Limb
Page | Play
Newborn ab 10.jpg
 ‎‎Leg Traction
Page | Play
Newborn ab 11.jpg
 ‎‎Leg Recoil
Page | Play
Newborn ab 12.jpg
 ‎‎Popliteal Angle
Page | Play
Newborn ab 13.jpg
 ‎‎Heel to Ear
Page | Play
Newborn ab 14.jpg
 ‎‎Neck Tone
Page | Play
Newborn ab 15.jpg
 ‎‎Head Lag
Page | Play
Newborn ab 16.jpg
 ‎‎Head Control
Page | Play


Newborn Positions

Newborn ab 17.jpg
 ‎‎Prone Position
Page | Play
Newborn ab 18.jpg
 ‎‎Ventral Suspend
Page | Play
Newborn ab 19.jpg
 ‎‎Vertical Suspend
Page | Play

Newborn Reflexes

Newborn ab 20.jpg
 ‎‎Tendon Reflexes
Page | Play
Newborn ab 21.jpg
 ‎‎Plantar Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn ab 22.jpg
 ‎‎Reflex Suck,Root
Page | Play
Newborn ab 23.jpg
 ‎‎Moro Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn ab 24.jpg
 ‎‎Galant
Page | Play
Newborn ab 25.jpg
 ‎‎Stepping Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn ab 26.jpg
 ‎‎Grasp Reflex
Page | Play


Newborn Head

Newborn ab 27.jpg
 ‎‎Head Shape
Page | Play
Newborn ab 28.jpg
‎‎Head Circumference
Page | Play


Links: Neural Exam - Newborn behaviour comparison

3 Months Normal

Neural Exam Movies: normal behaviour | cranial nerves | Tone - head and trunk control | upper extremity‎ | hand movements | lower extremity Positions - supine | prone | ventral suspension | vertical suspension | Reflexes - Deep tendon reflexes | Plantar reflex‎ | Root | Moro | Galant | Grasp | Asymmetric tonic neck‎ | Neonatal Diagnosis


6 Months Normal

Neural Exam Movies: normal behaviour | cranial nerves | Tone - head and trunk control | upper extremity‎ | hand movements | lower extremity Positions - supine | prone | ventral suspension | vertical suspension | Reflexes - deep tendon reflexes | plantar reflex‎ | root | Moro | Galant | grasp | asymmetric tonic neck‎ | Neonatal Diagnosis

12 Months Normal

Neural Exam Movies: Shy | Social and Language | Cranial Nerves | Tone - Tone | Reflexes - deep tendon reflexes | plantar reflex‎ | Parachute | Pincer Grasp | Beads in the Cup | Play Ball | Transition in and out of Sitting | Creeping | Stoop and Recover | Motor/Gait - Stand, Walks with Support | Toddler’s Gait | Head Circumference


18 Months Normal

Neural Exam Movies: Wants | Understanding | Points to Pictures | Points to Body Parts | Cranial Nerves Motor/Coordination - Blocks in Cup | Beads in Cup | Stacking Blocks | Pincer Grasp and Handedness | Drawing/Scribbling | Tone | Deep Tendon Reflex | Throwing Ball | Walking

30 Months Normal

Neural Exam Movies: Establishing Relationship | Follows Commands | Points to Pictures | Names Pictures | Response to Questions | Pointing to and Naming Body Parts | Motor/Coordination - Using Puppets | Using Measuring Tape | Block Tower | Drawing | Tone | Deep Tendon Reflex | Kicking and Throwing a Ball | Walking, Running


References

  1. WHO Motor Development Study: windows of achievement for six gross motor development milestones. Acta Paediatr Suppl: 2006, 450();86-95 PMID:16817682 | World Health Organization - Motor development milestones


Glossary Links

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Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2014) Embryology Neural Exam Movies. Retrieved April 19, 2014, from http://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php?title=Neural_Exam_Movies

What Links Here?
Dr Mark Hill 2014, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G
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