India Statistics

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Contents

Introduction

India

This page links to the current online resources available to explore Indian population and birth data.

Statistics Links: Introduction | Reports | World Population | World Fertility | World Infant Mortality | Maternal Mortality | Australia | Brazil | Canada | China | Germany | India | Indonesia | Europe | United Kingdom | United States | Australia’s mothers and babies 2009 | Australia’s mothers and babies 2008 | Australia’s mothers and babies 2007 | Abnormal Development - Australian Statistics | BGD Tutorial - Applied Embryology and Teratology | AIHW National Perinatal Statistics Unit | Category:Statistics | Category:India

Some Recent Findings

  • Universal Neonatal Hearing Screening - Experience in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Southern India[1] "The neonates were subjected to a two stage sequential screening using the BERAphone. Neonates suspected of hearing loss underwent confirmatory testing using auditory steady state response audiometry and serological testing for TORCH infections and connexin 26 gene. ...Universal neonatal hearing screening using BERAphone is a feasible service, vital for early identification and rehabilitation of neonatal hearing loss. The estimated prevalence of confirmed hearing loss was comparable to that in literature. Overcoming the large numbers of loss to follow-up proves to be a challenge in the implementation of such a program." Hearing test
  • India 1 year without polio Eradication "India has not had a case of wild poliovirus nor detected the virus in sewage sampling since 13 January 2011." Polio Virus
  • Neonatal Mortality Levels for 193 Countries in 2009 with Trends since 1990: A Systematic Analysis of Progress, Projections, and Priorities.[2] " In 2009, an estimated 3.3 million babies died in the first month of life-compared with 4.6 million neonatal deaths in 1990-and more than half of all neonatal deaths occurred in five countries of the world (44% of global livebirths): India 27.8% (19.6% of global livebirths), Nigeria 7.2% (4.5%), Pakistan 6.9% (4.0%), China 6.4% (13.4%), and Democratic Republic of the Congo 4.6% (2.1%)."
  • Sex ratio at birth in India, its relation to birth order, sex of previous children and use of indigenous medicine[3] "Evidence from the second children clearly shows the sex-ratio is being manipulated by human interventions. More mothers with previous girls tend to use traditional medicines for sex selection, in their subsequent pregnancies. Those taking such medication do not seem to be helped according to expectations. They seem to rely on this method and so are less likely use more definitive methods like sex selective abortions. This is the first such prospective investigation of sex ratio in second children looked at against the sex of previous children. More studies are needed to confirm the findings."

Birth Weight and Nutrition

World population (countries more than 100 million)
  • 28% of infants with low birthweight, 2005-2009
  • 41% Early initiation of breastfeeding, 2005-2009
  • 46% of children (2005-2009) who are: exclusively breastfed (<6 months)
  • 57% of children (2005-2009) who are: breastfed with complementary food (6-9 months)
  • 77% of children (2005-2009) who are: still breastfeeding (20-23 months)
  • 48% of under-fives (2003 -2009) suffering from: underweight (NCHS/WHO), moderate & severe
  • 43% of under-fives (2003 -2009) suffering from: underweight (WHO), moderate & severe
  • 16% of under-fives (2003 -2009) suffering from: underweight (WHO), severe
  • 20% of under-fives (2003 -2009) suffering from: wasting (WHO), moderate & severe
  • 48% of under-fives (2003 -2009) suffering from: stunting (WHO), moderate & severe
  • 66% Full coverage (2009) Vitamin A supplementation coverage rate (6-59 months)
  • 51% of households consuming iodized salt, 2003-2009
Data: Unicef 2011

Abnormal Development

  • approximately half a million children are born annually with congenital malformations[4]
    • most of which are related to genetic or chromosomal aberration
  • estimated 9,000 babies with thalassaemia major
  • estimated 5,200 babies with sickle cell disease
  • estimated 21,000 babies with Down syndrome

Cleft Lip and Palate

A study was conducted in 2001 in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India, with a population of 76 million.[5]

  • birth rate of clefts was found to be 1.09 for every 1000 live births.
  • 65% of the children born with clefts were males.
  • type of cleft showed 33% had CL, 64% had CLP, 2% had CP and 1% had rare craniofacial clefts
  • Unilateral cleft lips were found in 79% of the patients.
    • Of the unilateral cleft lips 64% were left sided.
  • birth rate of clefts was found to be
    • comparable with other Asian studies
    • lower than found in other studies in Caucasian populations
    • higher than in African populations.

See also the 2010 review "A status report on management of cleft lip and palate in India".[6]

General Statistics

Population 1,189,172,906 (July 2011 est.) country comparison to the world: 2

Age structure

  • 0-14 years: 29.7% (male 187,450,635/female 165,415,758)
  • 15-64 years: 64.9% (male 398,757,331/female 372,719,379)
  • 65 years and over: 5.5% (male 30,831,190/female 33,998,613) (2011 est.)

Median age

  • total: 26.2 years
  • male: 25.6 years
  • female: 26.9 years (2011 est.)

Population growth rate

  • 1.344% (2011 est.)
  • country comparison to the world: 86

Birth rate

  • 20.97 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
  • country comparison to the world: 84

Death rate

  • 7.48 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
  • country comparison to the world: 117

Sex ratio

  • at birth: 1.12 male(s)/female
  • under 15 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
  • 15-64 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
  • 65 years and over: 0.91 male(s)/female
  • total population: 1.08 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant mortality rate

  • total: 47.57 deaths/1,000 live births
  • country comparison to the world: 51
  • male: 46.18 deaths/1,000 live births
  • female: 49.14 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

  • total population: 66.8 years
  • country comparison to the world: 161
  • male: 65.77 years
  • female: 67.95 years (2011 est.)

Total fertility rate

  • 2.62 children born/woman (2011 est.)
  • country comparison to the world: 79

Age structure

  • 0-14 years: 29.7% (male 187,450,635/female 165,415,758)
  • 15-64 years: 64.9% (male 398,757,331/female 372,719,379)
  • 65 years and over: 5.5% (male 30,831,190/female 33,998,613) (2011 est.)

Median age

  • total: 26.2 years
  • male: 25.6 years
  • female: 26.9 years (2011 est.)

Population growth rate

  • 1.344% (2011 est.)
  • country comparison to the world: 86

Birth rate

  • 20.97 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
  • country comparison to the world: 84

Death rate

  • 7.48 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
  • country comparison to the world: 117

Sex ratio

  • at birth: 1.12 male(s)/female
  • under 15 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
  • 15-64 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
  • 65 years and over: 0.91 male(s)/female
  • total population: 1.08 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant mortality rate

  • total: 47.57 deaths/1,000 live births
  • country comparison to the world: 51
  • male: 46.18 deaths/1,000 live births
  • female: 49.14 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)


Life expectancy at birth

  • total population: 66.8 years
  • country comparison to the world: 161
  • male: 65.77 years
  • female: 67.95 years (2011 est.)

Total fertility rate

  • 2.62 children born/woman (2011 est.)
  • country comparison to the world: 79

HIV/AIDS

  • 2.4 million (2009 est.)
  • country comparison to the world: 4


HIV/AIDS - deaths

  • 170,000 (2009 est.)
  • country comparison to the world: 3

Major infectious diseases

  • degree of risk: high
  • food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
  • vectorborne diseases: chikungunya, dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria
  • animal contact disease: rabies
  • water contact disease: leptospirosis
  • highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country

Ethnic groups

Data: The World Factbook India

External Links

External Links Notice - The dynamic nature of the internet may mean that some of these listed links may no longer function. If the link no longer works search the web with the link text or name.

Glossary Links

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Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2014) Embryology India Statistics. Retrieved April 23, 2014, from http://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php?title=India_Statistics

What Links Here?
Dr Mark Hill 2014, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G
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